Down & Feather
DISCOVERING DOWN
DISCOVERING DOWN
There is such a kind of material, she is light, soft, and warm.

There is such a kind of material, she has a unique globular structure, it looks like blossoming dandelions.

There is such a kind of material, she contains full of air, absorbs and releases moisture, being able to breathe by herself.

She is Down, the unique, green and natural gift.
DOWN IS THE FUTURE
Green
Green
Sustainable
Sustainable
Renewable
Renewable
Resilient
Resilient
Natural
Natural
Reduced Flammability
Reduced Flammability
Hypoallergenic
Hypoallergenic
Moisture management
Moisture management
Energy saving
Energy saving
Marvelous insulation ability
Marvelous insulation ability
DOWN IS THE FUTURE
Green
Green
Sustainable
Sustainable
Renewable
Renewable
Resilient
Resilient
Natural
Natural
Reduced Flammability
Reduced Flammability
Hypoallergenic
Hypoallergenic
Moisture management
Moisture management
Energy saving
Energy saving
Marvelous insulation ability
Marvelous insulation ability
WATERFOWL PIUMAGE
DOWN
DOWN
Down is the plumage forming the undercoating of waterfowl, consisting of tufts of light flufly flaments (eg. barbs) growing out of the custer core without any quill shaft. Waterfowl down contains down cluster, half dlown, plumule down and damaged down.Waterfowls need down and feathers to keep their body temperature.
SPECIES
Goose Down
Goose Down
Duck Down
Duck Down
COLORS
White Down
White Down
Grey Down
Grey Down
FEATHER
FEATHER
Down is the plumage forming the undercoating of waterfowl, consisting of tufts of light flufly flaments (eg. barbs) growing out of the custer core without any quill shaft. Waterfowl down contains down cluster, half dlown, plumule down and damaged down.Waterfowls need down and feathers to keep their body temperature.
SPECIES
Goose Feather
Goose Feather
Duck Feather
Duck Feather
COLORS
White Feather
White Feather
Grey Feather
Grey Feather
WATERFOWLS
Waterfowls are the birds that living on the water surface such as domestic ducks, domestic geese, wild ducks, swan, and graylags. Waterfowls usually have long flat chests and well-developed oil glands in their tails. They are good at swimming by using their webbed feet. Waterfowls can float on the water surface because of their feathers and down contain grease composition, which can protect them from getting wet. Waterfowl down and feathers usually have high resilience performance and excellent fill power.
WHERE DOES DOWN COME FROM?
Down & feathers are the by-products of Waterfowl Meat Food Industry, they are from common waterfowl species such as goose & duck.
HISTORY OF DUCK  <br /> Zoology of China (China) Vol.2 conclude: the common domestic ducks were domesticated from mallard ducks and spot-billed ducks.
HISTORY OF DUCK
Zoology of China (China) Vol.2 conclude: the common domestic ducks were domesticated from mallard ducks and spot-billed ducks.
Plumage of a goose consists of approximately 300 grams of feathers & down
Section 1 has approximately 50 grams of small feathers & down.
Secton 2 has approximately 40 grams of medium feathers & down.
Section 3 has approximately 30 grams of valueless wing & tail feathers.
HISTORY OF GOOSE <br /> SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (USA) reported: About 220 million years ago, ancestor of goose was the companion of dinosaur, scientists discovered a goose fossil from 70 million years ago. ancestor of goose was the companion of dinosaur, scientists discovered a goose fossil from 70 million years ago.
HISTORY OF GOOSE
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN (USA) reported: About 220 million years ago, ancestor of goose was the companion of dinosaur, scientists discovered a goose fossil from 70 million years ago. ancestor of goose was the companion of dinosaur, scientists discovered a goose fossil from 70 million years ago.
Plumage of a goose consists of approximately 120 grams of feathers & down
Section 1 has approximately 60 grams of small feathers & down.
Secton 2 has approximately 150 grams of medium feathers & down.
Section 3 has approximately 90 grams of valueless wing & tail feathers.
DESCRIPTIONS OF ALL PARTS OF “WATERFOWL PLUMAGE”
Down
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.


● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.


● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional


● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.


● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Down Fiber
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.


● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Feather
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.


● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.


● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional


● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.


● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.


● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional


● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.


● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Long Feather
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.


● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.


● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional


● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.


● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional


● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.


● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
COMMON MEASUREMENTS OF DOWN QUALITY
“Fill Power” is a critical indicator which reflects the insulation ability of feather & down products, which is also a measurement of the space occupied by a designated material. The higher fill power means it keeps more air volume, namely the better insulation ability. The international unit of fill power measurement is in³/30g, it says under certain conditions, the exact cubic inch of 30 grams of down occupied. Down content is closely related to fill power.

Professional explanation by Huaxiong, Wang

Fill Power is an indicator of measuring the quality of down washing, drying, and storing. Meanwhile, it’s also a key factor of insulation ability. Fill power is not a fixed indicator after years of observations and experiments. Longtime storage, pressure or freezing could reduce the fill power, but it could be recovered to some extent after proper treatments.
Down Content
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.

● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Fill Power
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.

● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.

● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional

● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.

● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.

● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional

● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.

● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Turbidity
● Down Cluster: Down in a cluster shape with down fibers emanating from the down core.

● Nestling Down: Immature down in an umbrella shape.

● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional

● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.

● Judgment Reference: 1. Obvious quill shafts, inconspicuous short quill. 2. Three-dimensional

● Plumule Down: Down in a feather shape, fluffy filament barbs grow on soft quill shafts.

● Damaged Down: Down having two or few more fibers emanating from the down core.
Oxygen NO.
COMPARISON OF LABELING STANDARDS FOR DOWN PRODUCTS
Comparison of labeling standards for down products
标准 / STANDARD 澳大利亚/Australia AS 2479-2007 加拿大/Canada 2000 中国/China QB/T 1193,1194,1195&1196-2012 (寝具/Bedding) 中国/China QB/T 1193,1194,1195&1196-202X (寝具/Bedding) 中国/China GB/T 14272-2011 (服装/Apparel) 中国/China GB/T 14272-2021(服装/Apparel) 欧盟/Europe EN 12934 日本/Japan JDFA 寝具/服装Bedding/Apparel 韩国/Korea KS K2620:2014 台湾省/Taiwan Province CNS 2119 N.1034 美国/USA-2000 臻选安心羽绒标准/Down Plus Supreme Standard
成份分析检测方法 / Content Testing Method AS 4823.3 IDFB-3 GB/T-10288-2003 6.2 GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T-14272-2011 Annex C.2 GB/T-10288-2016 EN-12131 JIS -1903 KS K0820 -7.1 CNS 13982-3 L3253-3 IDFB.3 GB/T-10288-2016
100%绒 Down (or 100% Down) NA 75 NA NA NA NA 90.48 NA 100 NA NA NA
95%绒/5%毛 95% Down / 5% Feathers 95 71.25 90 92 85.5 90 NA 95 95 95 95 92
93%绒/7%毛 93% Down / 7% Feathers NA 69.8 NA NA NA NA NA 93 NA NA 93 NA
90%绒/10%毛 90% Down/ 10% Feathers 90 67.5 85 87 81 85 80.95 90 90 90 90 87
85%绒/15%毛 85% Down/ 15% Feathers 85 63.75 80 82 76.5 80 NA 85 85 85 85 82
80%绒/20%毛 80% Down/ 20% Feathers 80 60 75 77 72 75 71.43 80 80 80 80 77
75%绒/25%毛 75% Down/25% Feathers 75 56.25 70 72 67.5 70 NA NA 75 75 75 72
蓬松度 / FILL POWER
检验方法 / Test Method EN12130 No official method. Most use IDFB Steam QB/T 1193,1194,1195,&1196 2012 Annex D GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T 14272-2011 Annex C.3 GB/T 14272 Annex C.3 EN 12130 Down Power JIS L1903 Fill Power & Fill Height KS K 0820 7.4 CNS 13982-8 L3253-8 IDFB Part 10-B GB/T-10288-2016
还原方法 / Conditioning Method 滚动烘干、蒸汽还原、常规还原 /Tumble Dry, Steam Dry, Regular Dry 无官方指定测试方法 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 烘箱 / Oven 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 滚动烘干、蒸汽还原、常规还原 /Tumble Dry, Steam Dry, Regular Dry 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 蒸汽还原法 / Steam 蒸汽还原法 / Steam
圆筒/ Cylinder EN IDFB China IDFB China IDFB Lorch JIS Steel Cylinder JIS Acrylic or Steel Lorch IDFB IDFB
100%绒 Down (or 100% Down) 标识蓬松度±5% 标识蓬松度±5% NA NA NA NA 标识蓬松度±5% 日本服装无强制规定偏差范围,JIS-1903对于蓬松度无强制最低要求。(日本寝具新金标签要求≥300cm³/g,超级金标签要求≥350cm³/g,皇家黄金标签要求≥400cm³/g,超值黄金标签要求≥440cm³/g) NA 标识蓬松度±5% 标识蓬松度±5% NA
95%绒/5%毛 95% Down / 5% Feathers 20.5cm(鹅)/19.5cm(鸭) 17.5cm(鹅)/16.5cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 17.5cm(鹅)/16.5cm(鸭) 12.5cm 18cm(鹅)/17cm(鸭)
93%绒/7%毛 93% Down / 7% Feathers NA NA NA NA NA NA
90%绒/10%毛 90% Down/ 10% Feathers 20cm(鹅)/19cm(鸭) 17cm(鹅)/16cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 17cm(鹅)/16cm(鸭) 12cm 17.5cm(鹅)/16.5cm(鸭)
85%绒/15%毛 85% Down/ 15% Feathers 19.5cm(鹅)/18.5cm(鸭) 16.5cm(鹅)/15.5cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 16.5cm(鹅)/15.5cm(鸭) NA 17cm(鹅)/16.5cm(鸭)
80%绒/20%毛 80% Down/ 20% Feathers 19cm(鹅)/18cm(鸭) 15.5cm(鹅)/14.5cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 15.5cm(鹅)/14.5cm(鸭) 11cm 16cm(鹅)/15cm(鸭)
75%绒/25%毛 75% Down/25% Feathers 18.5cm(鹅)/17.5cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 15cm(鹅)/14cm(鸭) 10.5cm 15.5cm(鹅)/14.5cm(鸭)
种类鉴定(鹅毛绒含量%) / SPECIES
国家标准极限范围 / Country Standard Limit ≥90 ≥90 ≥85 ≥85 ≥85 ≥85 ≥70 ≥90 ≥80 ≥90 ≥90 ≥85
测试方法 / Specie Test Method AS 2479-2007 Annex C IDFB-12 QB/T 1193,1194,1195, &1196 2012 Annex A GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T 14272-2011 Annex C.3 GB/T-10288-2016 EN 1162X JIS L 1903 KS K 0820 CNS 13982-X L3253-X IDFB-12 GB/T-10288-2016
耗氧量 / OXYGEN
国家标准极限范围 / Country Standard Limit <10mg/100g NA ≤ 10mg/100g ≤ 5.6mg/100g ≤ 10mg/100g ≤5.6mg/100g <20mg/100g <4.8mg/100g <10mg/100g NA <10mg/100g ≤3.2mg/100g
耗氧量测试方法 / Oxygen Test Method AS 4823.2 IDFB-7 GB/T 10288-2003 6.5 GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T 14272-2011 Annex C.7 GB/T-10288-2016 EN 1162 JIS L 1903 KS K 0820:2014-7.3 CNS 13982-7 L3253-7 IDFB-7 GB/T-10288-2016
浊度/ TURBIDITY
MM NA NA ≥450mm ≥500mm ≥450mm ≥500mm >300mm >500mm >300mm >300mm >300mm 1000mm
浊度测试方法 / Turbidity Test Method(mm) AS 4823.7 IDFB-11 GB/T 10288-2003 6.6 GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T 14272-2011 Annex C.6 GB/T-10288-2016 EN1164 JIS L 1903 KS K 0820:2014-7.5 CNS 13982-9 L3253-9 IDFB-11 GB/T-10288-2016
残脂率 / FAT AND OIL
国家标准极限范围 / Country Standard Limit NA NA ≤1.2% ≤1.2% ≤1.3% ≤1.2% 0.5% - 2.0% ≤1.0% ≤1.5% NA NA ≤1.0%
测试方法 / Test Method IDFB-4 IDFB-4 GB/T 10288-2003 6.7 GB/T-10288-2016 GB/T 14272-2011 Annex C.5 GB/T-10288-2016 EN1163 JIS L 1903 KS K 0820:2014-7.9 CNS 13982-4 L3253-4 IDFB-4 GB/T-10288-2016
微生物 / MICROBIAL
国家标准极限范围 / Country Standard Limit NA NA NA NA ≥ 10mg/100g时检测 NA ≥ 20mg/100g时检测 NA NA NA NA 检测
测试方法 / Test Method NA NA NA NA GB/T-14272-2011 Annex C.9 NA EN1884 NA NA NA NA GB/T-14272-2011 Annex C.9